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Geography

Greece lies at the Southeastern tip of Europe, at the southernmost extremity of the Balkan peninsula. It is a mountainous, stony country with a highly indented and crenellated coast. The mailand coastilene is 4,000 km long while 9,841 islands, 114 of which are inhabited, add another 15,000 km of coastline. The country shares bordes to the north with Albania, F.Y.R.O.M., Bulgaria and to the east with Turkey, a total length of 1,228 km. 

Consists of mainland Greece (Attica, Peloponnese, Central Greece, Thessaly, Epirus, Macedonia, Thrace) and the Islands. Geographically it belongs to Europe since it forms the most southerly extremity of the Balkan peninsula but it also has a special link with Europe through the small entity of the Ionian Islands (Zante, Ithaca, Corfu, Kefalonia, Lefkas, Meganisi and Paxi) which form a chain off Greece's western shores in the Ionian Sea. 

The Saronic Gulf which is the stretch of sea linking the shores of Attica to those of the Peloponnese, contains a further group of small islands (Salamina, Aegina, Poros, Hydra and Spetses) which adds its variety to the general surroundings. 

There are the numerous islands of the Aegean Sea, some isolated like Crete and Gavdos (Libyan Sea) to the South, Ikaria, ChiosLesvos, Psara, Inousses and Samos to the East, Limnos, Thassos and Samothraki to the North.

The Cyclades consist of 39 islands, the more important ones being Amorgos, Anafi, Andros, Antiparos, Delos, Ios, Kea (also called Tzia), Kimolos, Kithnos, Folegandros, Milos, Mykonos, Naxos, Paros, Santorini (also called Thera), Serifos, Sikinos, Sifnos, Syros, Tinos, and the Small East Cyclades, Koufonisia

The Dodecanese group consists of twelve major islands, AstypaleaKalymnos, Karpathos, Kassos, Kastelorizo (Megisti), Kos, Lipsi, Leros, Nisyros, Patmos, Rhodos, Symi,  and a number of smaller islands, such us Halki and Tilos, each with its distinctive features and peculiarities. 

The Sporades, consisting of Alonissos, Skiathos, Skopelos and Skyros, lie of the eastern shores of mainland Greece and retain their genuine island characteristics and unchanged local traditions.

Variety is, in fact, the hallmark of the Greek geographical landscape generally. On the one hand, there are high mountains and entire mountain ranges such as the Pindos range (also known as Greece's backbone) or Mount Olympus (with its summit the Pantheon, the highest peak in Greece at an altitude of 2,917 meters) and the mountains of Macedonia and Thrace intersected here and there by a few valleys through which relatively small rivers flow. On the other hand, the endless lacework of the coastline produces a series of scenic surprises. It is these heavily indented shores which give Greece such rare beauty, quite unique in the Mediterranean. The length of the Greek coastline is estimated at 15,000 kilometers. The marked variety of the terrain above water continues under water, along the seabed which, millions of years ago, formed a projection of the land. Close to Cape Tainaron, (Tenaro) off the South tip of the Peloponnese, the so-called Oinousai (Inousses) Pit is 4,850 meters deep which is the deepest point in the Mediterranean. Vegetation and climate conform with the variations in the geographical area. The variety of plants is exceptional some 6,000 indigenous species having so far been recorded, 250 of which flourish on the island of Crete. It is an impressive figure due to Greece's geographical position between Europe and Africa. Plants associated with the joys of life are the country's countless vineyards. Major vegetation is likewise peculiar and above all made to man's measures. The trees are of medium height and vary from pine, oak, fir, olive and mulberry trees to fruit and palm trees. Another result of the country's geographical location is also seen in its climatic range with mild winters and sub-tropically warm summers cooled by a system of seasonal breezes popularly called "meltemia". Lastly, an outstanding feature of the Greek climate is its ample sunshine. It is no exaggeration to state the sun shines in Greece for 3,000 hours per year.


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ΤΟ «ΠΡΑΣΙΝΟ ΚΛΕΙΔΙ»
ΑΝΟΙΓΕΙ ΤΙΣ ΠΟΡΤΕΣ
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Tο «GREEN KEY» («ΠΡΑΣΙΝΟ ΚΛΕΙΔΙ») είναι ένα διεθνές Πρόγραμμα που απονέμει ένα σήμα οικολογικής ποιότητας (eco-label). Tο Πρόγραμμα αυτό ενεργεί ως ερέθισμα για τη μετατροπή κάθε τουριστικής μονάδας, μικρής ή μεγάλης, σε «πράσινη». Αποτελεί ένα σημαντικό θεσμό στο ζωτικό χώρο της Βιομηχανίας του Τουρισμού, αφού ευαισθητοποιεί και προτρέπει για την υιοθέτηση πρακτικών φιλικών προς το περιβάλλον, που εγγυώνται την προστασία του και προάγουν την αειφορία.

Απευθύνεται γενικώς σε τουριστικές μονάδες και, για την πρώτη χρονιά εφαρμογής του στην Ελλάδα, κυρίως σε Ξενοδοχειακές επιχειρήσεις κάθε δυναμικότητας.

Το Πρόγραμμα “GREEN KEY” συντονίζεται από το διεθνές ΙΔΡΥΜΑ ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΙΚΗΣ ΕΚΠΑΙΔΕΥΣΗΣ (FEE-FOUNDATION FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION) και λειτουργεί σήμερα σε 17 χώρες παγκοσμίως.

Εθνικός χειριστής του Προγράμματος είναι Η ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΕΤΑΙΡΙΑ ΠΡΟΣΤΑΣΙΑΣ ΤΗΣ ΦΥΣΗΣ, η αρχαιότερη περιβαλλοντική Μη Κυβερνητική Οργάνωση πανελλήνιας εμβέλειας, η οποία κάνει πράξη από το 1951 την ηθική δέσμευσή της που αφορά στη διαφύλαξη και προστασία του Περιβάλλοντος, αλλά και στη διαμόρφωση ισχυρής περιβαλλοντικής συνείδησης.

Η Εθνική Επιτροπή Κρίσεων του GREEN KEY βράβευσε εφέτος, μετά από αίτησή τους και με βάση τη διαδικασία του Προγράμματος, τις πρώτες ξενοδοχειακές μονάδες στην Ελλάδα που ικανοποιούν τα κριτήρια του.