Corfu is one of the Greek
islands, and is called Kerkyra as well. It has a capital by
the same name. It is called "green island" - there's
really allot of green plants, if you compare it with
continental Greece. The humidity of the air there is quite
located in the western part of Greece, close to the Albanian
border. Most of the Greek Islands are located in the Aegean
sea, while Corfu is in the Ionian sea.
literally thousands of years, Corfu has been celebrated as the
most beautiful of the Greek islands. This is still true today
- however, it is vital to know how to find the parts which
have not been overrun by an excess of modern
Corfu, with its glorious natural surroundings and unruffled
yet lively traditional lifestyle, is still to be found in
hidden places all over the island. The serene beaches and
fishing villages in the north east, for instance, offer the
charm and hospitality of a bygone age, while the more rugged
seascapes of the west coast have an untamed quality which
delights adventurous visitors.
What you can
see of Corfu Town today owes its architecture largely to the
Venetians. The town was originally founded in the Byzantine
Era on the site of the Old Fortress where the entire
population of the town lived for a long time. During the
Venetian occupation the town gradually spread out. The modern
town also has French and British influences. The Old Fort
although partly demolished by the British when they returned
the Ionian Islands to Greece, still contains some impressive
fortifications including some by the famous architect
Martinego and is open to visitors. Look for the statue of
Marshall Schulenberg by Corradini and the old bell tower.
Inside the fortress there is one of the most beautiful
churches in Corfu: St. George's that was built by the British.
Sound & Light presentations are offered here in the summer.
New Fortess: The New
Fortress near the Old Port was started by the Venetians in
1575 and completed in 1645. The British added to it. Today it
is houses navy offices but it is open to visitors. Look out
for the giant Venetian Lion over the main gateway.
beautiful l6th century church situated in St. Spiridon's St.,
is the church dedicated to St. Spiridon, the Patron Saint of
the island. Each year on four occasions the remains of the
saint are paraded through the streets in celebration. You may
visit the church at anytime. Dress suitably.
Orthodox Cathedral is in a square just off the Old Port and
the Catholic Cathedral (a restored l4th Century building) can
be found in the Town Hall Square (Platia Dimarchiou).
Hall itself was built in the l7th century and is an exquisite
example of Venetian architecture.
of social life in Corfu Town is undoubtedly to be found at the
Espianade. The town gardens with their bandstand and the
Liston Arcade offer a welcome break from the summer heat.
Liston Arcade was built during the French occupation
(1807-1814) by the father of Ferdinand Lesseps, the builder of
the Suez Canal.
the north end of the Esplanade is the Palace of St. Michael
& St. George built by the English in the early l9th
century as the Governor's Palace.
Just out of
town on the National Road to Paleokastritsa you will find the
Monastery of Platytera. Dating from 1743, it has several fine
icons and a superb bell tower.