Home   About Greece   Accommodation   Travel Agencies   Restaurants   Rent a Car   Shopping   eGreece
Cyclades Islands
Santorini Island
Map of Santorini
Archaeological Museum
Museums and Sights
Tips and Tricks
Volcano of Santorini
Villages of Santorini
Beaches of Santorini
Useful Numbers
Photo Gallery

Santorini, one of the most beautiful, and most impressive islands in the world.

It is not only the fascination of its craggy precipices, the legend of the lost istand of Atlantis, the contrast between the deep blue of the sea, the white of the pumice-stone or the black intensity of the lava that make Santorini unique. Nor is it just the lovely little bars from which classical music floats out discreetly to greet the lights around the caldera as the evening draws in to a close.

Santorini is one of the most violent volcanoes on the face of the earth; a huge, open-air, geological and volcanological museum unique in the world.

To many of you who read this booklet, the word "volcano" may indicate only the islet of Nea Kameni, as it does for the people of this island.

But that is only a fraction of the truth. Besides the mountain "Profitis llias", every single stone on Santorini was forced up in its molten state from the bowels of the earth, and spilled out over the surface to create this volcanic island.

Two million years have passed since the molten rock, the magma, first broke out of the depths in which it was formed, to appear on the surface of the earth here in this spot. It has taken thousands of eruptions since then to build up the island of Santorini. In the last 400,000 years alone there have been more than 100 eruptions, each of which added a new layer of earth and rock, slowly making the island bigger. Some of these eruptions were so violent that they demolished a large part of the volcano; but, with patient persistence it built itself up time and time again.

The last of these truly catastrophic eruptions occurred 3,600 years ago, during the Late Bronze Age. This was a period when the island was vibrant with life and movement, enjoying a flourishing civilisation similar to that of Minoan Crete. This tremendous eruption, known as the "Minoan eruption", ejected into the air 30 cubic kilometers of magma in the form of pumice and volcanic ash. This material buried the island and its civilization, the remains of which are currently being brought to light by the archaeological excavations at Akrotiri. This catastrophe, taken together with the collapse of the volcano in the eruption, gave rise to the legend of the Lost Atlantis: where the island of Strongili, (as we called the island before this eruption), once flourished in the brilliance of its civilisation; there now gaped a yawning crucible which the sea rushed to fill this is the caldera we see today. Thira, Thirasia and Aspronisi: these are all that remain of Strongili.

This guide recounts the next chapter in the story, the volcanic activity that occurred during the historical era creating Palea and Nea Kameni. It describes the process of their creation, and the principle characteristics of their geological formations and rocks; it suggests routes and stopping- places. It aims and aspires to bridge the gap between the small groups of experts who use the incomprehensible jargon of their science, and the great bulk of visitors to the island who are eager for information expressed in clear and simple language. It also attempts to fill, at least in part, a serious deficiency found in most tourist guides of Santorini, and that is the lack of information on its geological and volcanic history and evolution, and the unique beauty of the island's rocks and geological formations.

How well have we succeeded? You, the visitor, must be the final judge of that.

The Volcano of Santorini

Home   Photo Gallery   Our Services   Site Map   Links Exchange   My Account   Contact Us

Holidays in Greece, Tourist & Travel Guide of Greece
Holidays in Greece. All rights reserved.