||History of Chios
known to have been settled at least by the Early Bronze Age
but it only enters the main-stream of the Aegean history when
the Ionians settle here from about 1100 BC. These Ionians -
said to be from mainland Greece - colonized a series of
islands and cities along these shores of Asia Minor and soon
were taking the lead in advancing Greek culture. It has been
generally accepted that Homer was a native of Chios in the 8th
century BC. In the following centuries Chios produced other
influential individuals including the 5th century tragic poet
Ion, the 4th century historian Theopompus, and several
important sculptors in the 6th and 5th centuries, one of whom,
Glaucus, was credited with inventing the soldering of metals.
Chios formed a loose confederation with the other Ionian
city-states and islands, they were conquered by the Persians
in the second half of the 6th century BC. And then it was the
revolt of Chios and these other Ionian states that brought
Athens into direct conflict with the Persians and led to
Marathon and Salamis. After the Greek-Persian Wars, Chios
joined the Athenian League, but soon grew restive under
Athenian ambitions. Athens punished the rebellious Chiots in
412 BC, and Chios moved back into alliance with Athens until
regaining independence in 354 BC. By then it was too late, for
the Macedonian Greeks under Alexander and then the Romans
would exert power over virtually all of the Mediterranean,
took hold and Chios came under the Byzantine Greeks, but
Saracens abused the island in the 8th century. In the 13th
century, in the aftermath of the 4th Crusade, first the
Venetians and then the Genoese moved in. Chios actually
prospered under the Genoese, but in 1566 the Turks took over.
In 1821 Chios joined Samos in the general revolt of Greeks
against the Turks, and the next year the Turks singled out
Chios for particular punishment, slaughtering an estimated
25.000 Chios and enslaving 80.000; those who escaped went to
other islands or on to major cities around the world. Later
that year the Greek admiral Kanaris, entered the harbor of
Chios at night and blew up the Turkish flagship. Chios gained
revenge of sort by entering the immortal realm of art when
both Delacroix and Hugo commemorated the terrible massacre of
1822. A major earthquake in 1881 also left many islanders
dead, but it has long since recovered, and since 1912 it has
been formally joined to the Greek Nation.
Ιt is the cosmopolitan center of the Cyclades Complex. Its
reputation has spread during the last years due to its unique
landscape, its archaelogical sites, its cosmopolitan environment and
its magnificent beaches.
houses are scattered all over the island, narrow streets in the town,
chapels and picturesque tavernas hide among art galleries and stores
selling jewellery, souvenirs etc.
Trends that sweep through
the international scene are born in the intense nightlife of this
An island of tempting and
tempestuous reputation such as Mykonos, with high tourism and a rather
superficial lifestyle, inevitably has both fans and critics.
But even the most
unsuspecting visitor immediately realizes that Mykonos is not only a
crazy “bon-viveur”, but also an attractive,
picturesque island with white Chora aside the crystal-clear blue waters
of the Aegean Sea.
charter flights and regular domestic flights from Athens serve
frequently, during summer, the airport of Mykonos.
Because it is so famous,
Mykonos gets really overcrowded during high season but for those who
enjoy the crowd, great fun and all night long entertainment, Mykonos is
the ideal place for holidays.
Have a wonderful time...